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Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu

Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu was a South Indian port city during 7th Century A.D. and is famous for the historic monuments and stone masonry between 7th and 9th Century A.D. Mahabalipuram Chennai is named one of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

Mahabalipuram Temples portray the stories from the Mahabharatha and depict the transition from rock-cut architecture to structural building format. Most of the early monuments are monolithic and rock-cut, while the later ones are built from dressed stone. Mahabalipuram temple is an excellent example of the Pallava art twined with Buddhist elements and the metamorphosis of Pallava art over two centuries.
The strange fact about Mahabalipuram is that the rock-cut architecture is closely resembles the rock-cut caves of Anjanta and Ellora in the West Indian state of Maharastra. The Mahabalipuram temples are also historically resonant and depict the rise of Vaishnavism and Shaivism. The bas relief on the sculpted cliff has a shrine dedicated to Vishnu and has an image of Shiva.

One of the famous theories about Mahabalipuram is that this place was once a school for budding sculptors. This theory is substantiated by the fact that there are many unfinished sculptures and of these sculptures each reflects a different architectural style. Mahabalipuram, which was a prominent city during the Pallava era went into oblivion and was later revived during the British rule in 1827, which could probably be metaphorically termed as modernization of Mahabalipuram.

Some of the important structures to look for when on a tour to Mahabalipuram Chennai are Thirukadalmallai, Varaha Cave Temple, Descent of the Ganges, Shore Temple, and Pancha Rathas. The archeologists believe that the Mahabalipuram temple complex at present is only a part of the vast number of temples built during Pallava rule and many are yet to be discovered. After the Tsunami of 2004, the exploration and excavation along the shores of Mahabalipuram have reveled sub-merged temples in the water around 500 to 700 meters from the shore.
Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu is often referred to as an open museum of rock-cut sculpture of Dravidian style. In addition to the architecture, Mahabalipuram is also known for its beautiful setting. Sandy white beaches lined up with the casuarinas trees give the sculptures a special effect. Local handicrafts are available in plenty along the shores of Mahabalipuram and are famous with Indian as well as foreign tourists.

Chennai, the state capital is the closest airport to Mahabalipuram, while Kancheepuram is the nearest railhead. There are a host of buses plying from Chennai, Bangalore, Madurai, Coimbatore and Pondicherry to Mahabalipuram. Going around Mahabalipuram is also easy with many government run buses ply around the city. Rent motorcycles and taxis are also other options.

Mahabalipuram Chennai is a lifetime experience for art lovers and history enthusiasts. The best time to visit is during winters (October to January) when the temperatures range between 190C and 250C. The summers are very hot with temperatures soaring to over 400C.

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